SAKHAROV ARCHIVES IN MOSCOW
1. The Andrei Sakharov Archives – history of creation, status, sponsors and benefactors, staff.
The Archives have been created by “The Andrei Sakharov Foundation – The Public Committee for Preservation of Legacy of Andrei Sakharov”. The Archives’ quarters have been provided by the government of the city of Moscow on the basis of 25 years rent free lease.
Status – a non-governmental archive.
Staff – three employees, including a part time bibliographer.
Sponsors and benefactors:
The Archives’ collection is based on the gift by Elena Bonner of various documents, publications, books from both Sakharov’s and her own libraries.
The Archives contain collections of documents (three collections), visual – audio collections (four collections), a library, a museum exhibit dedicated to Andrei Sakharov, a collection of personal items of the Sakharovs’ family.
Below are described results achieved by the Archives in the first 10 years of its existence, as of May 2004.
3.1. The archive’s database contains electronic filing cards describing in detail documents by Sakharov and bibliography of Sakharov’s works. The database contains, as well, computerized images of Sakharov’s autographs and an incomplete, as yet, collection of images of autographed typewritten documents.
The archive’s documents. The data base contains entries on 1115 Sakharov’s documents (1502, counting different versions). 165 archival units are compiled containing the total of 6919 pages, including autographs (1218 pages), from them 943 are originals, and 275 are copies. There are 206 typewritten texts autographed by Sakharov, and 149 texts bearing Sakharov’s handwritten corrections.
Sakharov’s bibliography. The database contains 3366 bibliography entries covering 923 of Sakharov’s works. The documents database and the bibliography database are interconnected.
Documents and material not yet entered into the databases constitute, unfortunately, the bulk of the collection. They are, however, put in order and in the inventory. The total volume of these documents runs into 14 – 15 thousand pages. Here are some examples:
- Sakharov’s memoirs – 1542 handwritten pages;
- Sakharov’s letters – 176 pages;
- notes and drawings by Sakharov – 258;
- works on Sakharov – about 700;
- letters to Sakharov – 3018 (there is additionally about 5000 letters not yet in the inventory);
There are kept, in the Archives, more than 3000 press items on Sakharov published in the Russian and foreign press. The Archives keeps data on more than 200 memoirs about Andrei Sakharov or works dedicated to him (books, manuscripts, musical compositions, paintings, etc.), on more than 160 events in memory of Andrei Sakharov that either have been conducted, or are conducted regularly (conferences, festivals, commemorative events), on more than 50 buildings, institutions, and sites bearing Sakharov’s name (streets, libraries, mountain peaks, schools, awards, etc.).
3.2. The Archives’ reference material.
3.3. Audio-visual materials.
Photographs. There are kept in the Archives about 1500 photographs of Andrei Sakharov, Elena Bonner, of their friends and relatives. This includes photographs made by professional photographers, such as L. Sherstennikov, Yu. Rost, S. Perepletchikov, and others. There are also kept negatives made from the archival photo-collection, and around 100 negatives on glass plates made by D.I. Sakharov between 1910 – 1960. There is also a collection of photographs by Yurii Rost on CD-ROMs (1029 pictures), and a collection of Xerox copies of photographs from photo-archives of the APN news agency.
Audio materials. This includes 87 hours of audio recordings of Andrei Sakharov, Elena Bonner, and of other recordings pertinent to the Archives’ goals. There are transcripts of the tape recordings of Sakharov. The audio materials include recordings of interviews and public appearances by Sakharov and Bonner, taped recollections of his colleagues, recordings of events commemorating Sakharov, etc.
Video materials. There is the total of 304 hours of video recordings of Andrei Sakharov, Elena Bonner, and of other recordings pertinent to the Archives’ goals. This includes documentaries on Sakharov, his interviews and his public appearances, TV footage, TV appearances of Elena Bonner, etc.
3.4. The Archives’ clients and visitors.
The Archives have all kinds of visitors: high school students, graduate students, scholars, journalists, TV producers, archives and museums workers. Scholars from Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Latvia, Estonia, Israel, USA, Australia, and from many European countries have worked in the Archives. Each year the Archives hosts 10 – 12 scholars, responds to 45 – 50 inquiries.
3.5. The Archives’ acquisitions.
The following public and state institutions have contributed to the Archives:
Material were also donated by the following private individuals:
Elena Bonner, Lubov Vernaya (Sakharov), Irina Sakharov, Roy Medvedev, Nikolay Formozov, Lidia Chukovskaya, Andrei Malishevskyi, Leonid Litinskyi, Boris Altshuler, Natalya Leontovich, Yurii Rost, Victor Adamskyi, Edward Kline, Frantishek Yanouch, Maria Petrenko-Podyapolskaya, Yurii Tuvim, Yakov Alpert, and other individuals from different countries.
3.6. Publications by the Archives: